Concussion is typically related to a mild blow to the head or whiplash/rotational injury.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Concussion

  • confusion
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • nausea/vomiting
  • ringing in ears
  • tiredness/fatigue
  • change in cognition (ie: memory, reasoning, language)
  • change in behavior/personality

Concussion symptoms may present within minutes to days following the initial injury, and duration of symptoms can vary. However, most concussion symptoms go away within a couple of days.

If concussion symptoms do not get better, or if they worsen, medical attention is advised.

Formal neuropsychological evaluation, and a referral to speech therapy, or occupational therapy may be needed if:

  • there is a persistent change/decline in cognition
  • there is persistent change in behavior or personality
  • if the individual experiences difficulty in school, work, daily tasks, or interaction/socialization with the community